Chile2 - Chile: Democracy, Socialism, and Dictatorship and...

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Chile: Democracy, Socialism, Chile: Democracy, Socialism, and Dictatorship and Dictatorship
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Iquique 1907 Iquique 1907 Massacres of miners took place in the nitrate camps 1907: most notorious massacre in Iquique. Historians estimate 1,000-2,000 died.
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Alessandri's Reformist Alessandri's Reformist Presidency, 1920-25 Presidency, 1920-25 1920: Arturo Alessandri barely won presidency "the revolt of the electorate." 1924: “Double coup”: military right-wingers seized power in September 1924 reformers in favor of the ousted president took charge in January 1925. March 1925: Reformers returned Alessandri to the presidency and enacted his reforms by decree. 1925: New constitution ratified by plebiscite
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The Constitution of 1925 The Constitution of 1925 1925 constitution lasted until 1973. Separation of church and state Recognition of workers' right to organize, social welfare, right of the state to infringe on private property for the public good, and increased powers for the bicameral Congress. Congress was now directly elected Presidential and congressional elections were staggered so that a chief executive could not bring a legislature in on his coattails. Presidential terms extended from 5 to 6 years with immediate reelection
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Carlos Ibáñez, 1927-31 Carlos Ibáñez, 1927-31 1927: Ibáñez made president in rigged election. Military support (especially from the army), repression (especially of labor unions, leftists, and political parties), and a flood of loans from private lenders (especially from New York) provided the bases for his rule. Created the national police, known as the Carabineros . Ibáñez promoted industry and public works economy fared well until the Great Depression.
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The Great Depression and The Great Depression and Political Chaos Political Chaos Chile's economy suffered severely. Unemployment approached 300,000, almost 25 % of the work force. Chile suspended payments on its foreign debt in 1931 and took its currency off the gold standard in 1932. ISI, expansion of the money supply, the revival of exports, especially copper, and increased government spending generated inflation and rapid recovery. July 1931: Ibáñez went into exile in Argentina.
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The Chilean Socialist Republic 1931-2: Year of political chaos: Time Magazine, 27 June 1931: “Colonels, captains, generals, admirals scratched their heads. The Army, Navy, Air Force and the carabineers tried to make up their minds who should be Head of the State in Chile. Already there had been two Heads since the coup d'etat of June 4.” Most notable short-lived administration was the twelve-day Socialist Republic of 1932, led by an air force commander, Marmaduke Grove. 1932: Chileans restored civilian rule by
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2011 for the course HIST 352 taught by Professor Drlentz during the Spring '11 term at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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Chile2 - Chile: Democracy, Socialism, and Dictatorship and...

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