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Running head: Argumentative Paper: Gene Therapy1Argumentative Paper: Gene TherapyJimmy YipChamberlain College of NursingPhil347N: Critical ThinkingJanuary 2020
Gene Therapy2Gene TherapySCID, hemophilia, muscular dystrophy, cystic fibrosis, and certain cancers are just a few genetic diseases that children can be born with. While some of these diseases is not a death sentence to those children, they live with a severely reduced quality of life, there are some that are a death sentence to those born with it. There is hope however, in the last two decades there have been major scientific advancements in the field of gene therapy. Imagine, taking down the disease before it can even begin to hurt an unlucky child or treat a suffering patient and cure him of the disease. Scientists have found if the mutated genes that cause the disease were to be changed back to their normal forms or replaced with a working gene, the disease would not manifest itself. This was tested in 1990 with the first gene therapy trial in the US, to treat a little girl who has SCID and was found to work temporarily. SCID is short for severe combined immunodeficiency and the children that are born with it are born without a working immune system . Since that test in 1990 there have been multiple successes in treating SCID, culminating in the announcement in November 2013 that there had been five children who were successfully treated with gene therapy and were doing well . With these successes, gene therapy was well on its way to becoming front page news, but public perception of the fast-growing science was negative as movies and books painted it as a eugenics movement if researchfor gene therapy continued. This sparked a hard look into the ethics of gene therapy and the ramifications that it could have on society. As time passed and new technology and techniques were researched, more information was released and explained to the public showing the growing field in a positive light and removing the fears and stigma associated with gene therapy.Use of Vectors
Gene Therapy3According to dictionary.com gene therapy is, “the application of genetic engineering to the transplantation of genes into human cells in order to cure a disease caused by a genetic defect, as a missing enzyme” . There are two major ways this can be accomplished, viral and