CHAPTER_1_3_Other_civilizations_Megalithic_Europe

CHAPTER_1_3_Other_civilizations_Megalithic_Europe - New...

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New Centers of Civilization A. Megalithic structures in Europe by 4000 B.C.E. Neolithic (pre-writing) peoples building huge stone things for mysterious reasons: fertility sacrifices? Astronomical observatories? Just big stuff? Stonehenge and other stone circles, Dolmens, burial sites B. The Impact of the Indo-Europeans (Nomadic) 1. Originally common language, from steppe region of southwest Asia One of the major language families, common to (as the name suggests) both India and almost all (but not quite all – see Basque, Finnish) European languages 2. Major migrations c. 2000 B.C.E. and original language evolved into many 3. Hittites establish empire in modern Turkey (c. 1600-1200 B.C.E.), used iron Hittites also established a large, if short-lived, empire, and actually defeated the Egyptian empire for a while. Hittites turn up in the Hebrew bible – see Uriah the Hittite, one of King David’s commanders C. The Phoenicians
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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CHAPTER_1_3_Other_civilizations_Megalithic_Europe - New...

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