CHAPTER_2_India_outline - Chapter 2: INDIA Ties with West...

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Chapter 2: INDIA Ties with West (unlike China, which has kept separate) -- Trade Alexander the Great Indo-European culture in common I. River-valley civilizations Geography: vast area, many languages northern part is muslim united by Rivers II. Harappans (c. 2500 bc) parallels Mesopotamia planned cities (Mohenjo-Daro) indicate strong central government? Burials? Afterlife? We don’t know much about them: bodies cremated or thrown into rivers; didn’t get buried with their stuff Language: can’t read their language (like those of the Minoans and the Etruscans); but they did HAVE a written language (necessary to hold an empire together) (loss of language means loss of culture) III. Aryans c1500 - 500) Indo-European invasions c. 2000 bc (Hittites? Achaens?) Movements of peoples out of the Hindu Kush, pushes others into new space as well, can mean the collapse of states in the way Language group Nomads to Dark Ages to Monarchy Class/caste system: light-skinned Aryans over dark-skinned Dravidians 1. Pray (most important, Brahmin: priests and intellectuals) 2. Fight (next, Kshratriya, government officials, administrators, warriors) 3. Make things/money (commoners, Vaisyas, merchants, artisans)
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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CHAPTER_2_India_outline - Chapter 2: INDIA Ties with West...

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