CHAPTER_6_The_Americas_outline

CHAPTER_6_The_Americas_outline - CHAPTER 6 The Americas THE...

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CHAPTER 6 The Americas THE FIRST AMERICANS (AMERINDIANS) Arrived from Northeaster Asia via the Bering Strait: OR MAYBE NOT? Hunter-gatherer groups Neolithic Revolution c. 5000 b.c. Crops: beans, squash, maize (corn) GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS * Human Sacrifice: Blood = Sun = Life * Polytheistic * Pyramids * Basic forms of Writing * Calendar-making * Agriculture * Technologically backward * Complex, warlike societies MESO-AMERICA [several sometimes overlapping and quite similar cultures developed in MesoAmerica, around the Yucatan from 500 b.c. to the arrival of the Spanish in 1519] OLMEC (c 1000 to c. 500 b.c.) Around Southern Gulf of Mexico Earthen pyramids Great stone heads Practiced human sacrifice Undeciphered system of hieroglyphics, ancestor of Mayan writing? Cultivated maize and beans Ceremonial game on stone ball court TEOTIHUACAN America’s First Big City Near today’s Mexico City Flourished for about 1000 years, to c. 800 a.d. Pyramid of the Sun, with sacrificial victims buried underneath Trade products included cacao, rubber, feathers, and food products Pulque, a liquor from the agave plant, used in religious ceremonies Obsidian mine (a volcanic glass), used for mirrors, tools, and sacrificial knives MAYA Yucatan peninsula and highlands of modern Guatemala
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CHAPTER_6_The_Americas_outline - CHAPTER 6 The Americas THE...

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