CHAPTER_7_Islam_outline (1) - Chapter 7 Islam The Prophet...

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Chapter 7 Islam The Prophet Arabian peninsula: Byzantine, Roman, Pagan, Jewish influences Early life: Mecca and the caravan routes Revelation Hegira, 622: the move to Medina Spread of Islam — JIHAD Not mentioned in the Qur’an, but derived from idea that Muhammed was sent to bring justice to the earth, and that can only happen when everyone is Muslim Death of Muhammed, 632 Conquest of Persia, 632-40 Invasion of Spain, 711 — stopped in France by CHARLES MARTEL Invasion of India, 711 Gradually conquer more and more of the Byzantine Empire, till Constantinople falls in 1452 See MAPS pp 193 and 194 The world is divided into “the House of Islam” and “the House of War” Islamic states are by definition ruled by Islam — the SHARIA, or Islamic law, derived from the Qur’an. While the West is developing the idea that Church and State are separate (see Gregory), Islam sees the state as the way of enforcing religious law. Early developed an IMPERIAL BUREAUCRACY
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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CHAPTER_7_Islam_outline (1) - Chapter 7 Islam The Prophet...

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