Chapter_12_outline - Chapter 12 Making Europe Early Middle...

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Chapter 12: Making Europe Early Middle Ages Germanic kingdoms Franks (the Merovingians: Clovis accepts Christianity) Society and Law Wergild Trial by Ordeal The Church Organization and structure Dioceses: Bishops and Archbishops Monks and Monasteries St Benedict St Scholastica Charlemagne and the Carolingians Charles Martel and the Moors (battle of Tours, 732) Pepin Charles the Great (768-814) Creating an Empire (crowned Holy Roman Emperor, 800) Missi Dominici Encourages education (Alcuin) Lords and Vassals: Feudalism and Manorialism Charlemagne’s empire is divided Invasions of the 9 th and 10 th centuries: Moors, Magyars, Vikings Knights: horses and chivalry Feudalism: lords and vassals Fiefs: grant of land from lord to vassal Manorialism: lords and peasants Serfdom replaces slavery Self-sufficiency and shared work The High Middle Ages Revolution in Agriculture Climate Increase in population Clearing the land The heavy plow Water and windmills Three-field system
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Medieval women Eleanor of Aquitaine Catherine of Siena Joan of Arc Trade and Cities Trade fairs and a money economy Trade outside Europe Marco Polo and the Silk Road Crusader Kingdoms Growth of cities “City air makes you free”
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Chapter_12_outline - Chapter 12 Making Europe Early Middle...

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