Ch._11_-_Study_Questions - 11 What is nucleotide base...

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Biol 261 – Ch. 11 – Study Questions 1. What is a plasmid? Can a cell have more than one plasmid? What genes are associated with plasmids? Do plasmids reproduce? 2. What is removing a plasmid from a cell called? 3. What are conjugative plasmids? R-plasmids? Bacteriocins? 4. What is a mutation? What causes mutations? What is a wild-type strain? 5. How is a selectable mutation different from a nonselectable mutation? 6. Explain how replica plating works. What is an auxotrophic mutant? 7. How is a induced mutation, spontaneous mutation and point mutation similar and different? 8. What does a point mutation cause? What are the possible ultimate results of a point mutation? 9. What is silent, missense and nonsense mutation? Frameshift mutation? Reversion? 10. What are some examples of mutagens?
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Unformatted text preview: 11. What is nucleotide base analog? What does it do to a cell? 12. How is UV light different from gamma rays? What do they do to the cell? How is the damage repaired? What happens if the cell can’t repair the damage to the DNA? 13. Explain how the Ames test works and what is it used for? 14. What is transformation? Explain how Griffith’s transformation experiment worked. 15. What does it mean when a cell is competent? 16. What is transfection and transduction? How is generalized transduction different from specialized transduction? 17. Explain how conjugation works? What is F+ and F- cells? HFR cells? Pili? 18. What are transposons and insertion sequences? What do they do to the cell the are in? 19. Who was the first person to observe transposition?...
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