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Unformatted text preview: 11. What is nucleotide base analog? What does it do to a cell? 12. How is UV light different from gamma rays? What do they do to the cell? How is the damage repaired? What happens if the cell cant repair the damage to the DNA? 13. Explain how the Ames test works and what is it used for? 14. What is transformation? Explain how Griffiths transformation experiment worked. 15. What does it mean when a cell is competent? 16. What is transfection and transduction? How is generalized transduction different from specialized transduction? 17. Explain how conjugation works? What is F+ and F- cells? HFR cells? Pili? 18. What are transposons and insertion sequences? What do they do to the cell the are in? 19. Who was the first person to observe transposition?...
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- Spring '11