323_Vitamins_and_Minerals - SUMMARY OF FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS...

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SUMMARY OF FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS Vitamins Function Results of Deficiency Food Source A (retinol) Vision cycle-adaptation to light and dark Night blindness Xerophthalmia Retinol (animal food): liver, egg yolk, cream, butter or fortified margarine, and whole milk, liver, fish oils Provitamin A (carotene) Tissue growth, especially skin and mucus membranes; Toxic in large amounts Susceptibility to epithelial infection: changes in skin and membranes and in tooth formation Membrane diseases Carotene (plant foods): green and yellow vegetables and fruits D (calciferol) Absorption of calcium and phosphorus; Calcification of bones; Toxic in large amounts Rickets; faulty bone growth; poor tooth development Fortified or irradiated milk (400 iu/qt) sunshine; fish oils, liver, eggs E (tocopherol) Antioxidant-protection of materials that oxidize easily; Normal growth; Reproduction (in animals) Protection of Vitamin A and unsaturated fatty acids; Breakdown of red blood cells; Anemia; Sterility (in rats) Vegetable oils; vegetable greens K (menadione) Normal blood clotting; Toxic in large amounts Bleeding tendencies; Hemorrhagic disease Green leafy vegetables, spinach, cabbage, cheese, egg yolk, liver, intestinal bacteria synthesis—main source SUMMARY OF SELECTED B-COMPLEX VITAMINS Vitamin Function Results of Deficiency Food Sources Thiamine (B 1 ) Normal growth; Coenzyme in carbohydrate metabolism; Normal
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2011 for the course RRES 323 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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323_Vitamins_and_Minerals - SUMMARY OF FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS...

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