-New Spain in 18 th century-jewel of the Crown b/c of capacity to produce wealth, pop. growth-Bourbon expansion and defense:-expeditions for frontier defense-Juan Bautista de Anza from Sonora to Alta California (1774-75), Nicolas de LaFora and Marques de Rubi inspection tour of northern presidios (1766-68)-Juan Bautista de Anza-overland route to connect New Spain and California, military colony and mission (San Francisco), Pacific Ocean port and presidio-LaFora and Rubi-assessment of presidios for discipline/ supplies/ effectiveness, plan to move existing presidios and create new garrisons, expansion of military defenses northward-imperial defenses and rival powers:-Comanches-Shoshonian federation of equestrian tribes-Apaches-Athapaskan bands of herders, hunters and raiders-British maritime aggression and settler colonies-French trading colonies in the Mississippi corridor -significant encounters b/w Spanish forces and northern nomads:-Comanches-destruction of Mission of San Saba in TX (1754), peace treaty of 1786 in New
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San Francisco, Juan Bautista de Anza, Charles Marie de La Condamine, Antonio de Ulloa