Hist. 151 Notes 4

Hist. 151 Notes 4 - - Greek philosophy, historical...

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Unformatted text preview: - Greek philosophy, historical thinking, and Western tradition of rational thought:-Greeks move from mythical/ religious understanding of world to a rational/ scientific one: near Eastern/ Egyptian contributions of math and astronomy, Greek poets such as Homer (write of human agents who have ability to shape their own destinies, think rationally); nature of Greek religion (Greek gods have human qualities, Greek religion very secular, Greek priests not the only ones who can proclaim what is and isnt true); political systems and intellectual creativity (many individuals use intelligence, creativity to participate in politics)-the first scientists (650-450 BC) and the idea of a universal truth: pre-Socratic philosophers (atomic physicists argue that Earth is composed of atomic particles, think rationally of how matter and Earth works, avoid mythical explanations); Thales of Miletus (founder of natural philosophy, believed that water was most basic element and that all other elements arose from water; concerned with moral and...
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