Hist. 151 Notes 7

Hist. 151 Notes 7 - -Roman expansion and subsequent crisis:...

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- Roman expansion and subsequent crisis: -the consequences of expansion: the decline of the civic ethos (expansion undermines Roman concept of citizenship, allegiance to Republic begins to decline with the masses no longer seeing Republican politics representing their best interests; gap b/w rich and poor grows dramatically, w/ more and more people looking out for their own interests than interests of Rome; corrupt provincial governors), the transformation of the army (more and more soldiers become loyal to individual commanders and not the state; commanders begin to use non-Romans as soldiers), influx of slaves and the New Slave Economy (Rome becomes slave society [institution of slavery underpins economy], 50000 to 100000 new slaves brought in per year; Spartacus Slave Result eventually put down by Romans; latifundia are large farms worked by hundreds of thousands of slaves, all working for wealthy aristocrats [these farms much stronger than smaller farms run by Roman citizens; Roman citizens can’t compete, lose their land], result is massive impoverishment of Roman citizenry, social inequality, and urban underclass [cities become bubbling cauldrons of civil discontent, the masses look to charismatic leaders who might do things against traditional Republican practices so long as they promise the masses things like jobs or food]), the Gracchi Brothers and political violence (independent tribunes established to protect interests of masses, but these tribunes turn out to be power hungry as well; attempt to restore agricultural privileges to small farmers; Tiberius violates a number of legal procedures to get agenda passed, succeeds at first, but is later assassinated by senators; Tiberius’ brother tries same thing later but he ends up committing suicide; violence becomes chief instrument of politics, replacing Republican law as way to achieve political goals), the militarization of politics and the end of the Cincinnatus Ideal (expansion creates enormously powerful and ambitious generals who use their armies to further their post-military political careers,
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2011 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Hunziker during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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Hist. 151 Notes 7 - -Roman expansion and subsequent crisis:...

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