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Unformatted text preview: - lords, vassals and peasants (feudalism in Medieval Europe):-Charlemagne: Christian king, fighting to spread Christianity; a zeitgeist of history (the great figure of the early Medieval period); after his death his empire is left to his grandsons by way of the Treaty of Verdun (this leads to a much more decentralized form of rule called feudalism)-feudalism (definitions and origins): not a term used by people of the Middle Ages; it is a legal term that defines a set of military and legal relationships between lords and their vassals (term becomes popularized during Enlightenment, as revolutionaries reference feudalism as a thing they would like to overturn; term later comes to describe exploitation of peasant labor by a feudal class; by 20 th century term again comes to describe the relationship between lords and vassals); feudalism first emerges among Franks in the 8 th and 9 th centuries, becomes widespread in Western Europe during the 10 th century-three components: social and economic (Manorialism represents a cultural relationship between peasants and the military elites), political and military (lords, vassals have obligations and responsibilities...
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