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Unformatted text preview: - the crisis of the Late Middle Ages (1300-1450):-from zenith to crisis: the return of cyclical history-the decline of Papal and Church authority: decline of Church authority/ credibility as Monarchs begin to assert their authority on the Church (Edward I and Phillip IV resist Church power, this upsets Pope Boniface VIII who threatens them with excommunication; however, this time the Monarchs refuse to yield to threat and take stronger steps to assert power over Church; Boniface backs down, reduces Church authority; more conflict when Phillip imprisons a Church Bishop, angers Boniface, and then sends men to capture Boniface; eventually Phillip convinces Pope Clement V to move to French town of Avignon, and future popes will reside here [this period known as Babylonian Captivity, Avignon popes known for their materialism], French king thus gains much authority over Papacy; even Holy Roman Emperor gains power over Church, Papacy never really regains its enormous power), Pope Urban VI begins to persecute...
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