Hist. 151 Notes 23

Hist. 151 Notes 23 - -absolutism and the modern French...

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- absolutism and the modern French state: -France and England replace Spain as the dominant European states, even though they have different forms of centralized government (English have constitutionalism, French have absolutism); centralized bureaucracies no longer must pay respect to nobility and Church like they did in the Middle Ages (sovereign power of states continues to increase during this period; government is sovereign when it has monopoly on political power in a state, has ability to make and change law, still based on power of coercive force) -the modern state and absolutism: modernity and the growth of centralized state power; sovereignty, bureaucracy, and centralization (a monopoly on law, justice, and above all violence; centralization of government peaked in the early 20 th century, now their power is slowly being undermined by international laws) -absolutism: power concentrated in one person; absolute monarch has ability to decree laws that are valid throughout his/ her realm (term absolutism never used by kings such as Louis XIV; term was coined by enlightened liberals to critique centralized governments later on); two main theories of absolutism emerged to justify absolute monarchy (Jacques-Benigne Bossuet, writer of Politics Drawn from the Words of Holy Scripture advocates for the divine right of kings, which says that God has given
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2011 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Hunziker during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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Hist. 151 Notes 23 - -absolutism and the modern French...

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