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Hist. 151 Notes 24

Hist. 151 Notes 24 - -constitutionalism and the English...

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- constitutionalism and the English Revolution: -constitutionalism: government by law, where the power comes ultimately from the subjects and the set of laws they agree to (even if sovereignty is exercised by a single body or king); power is usually shared between an executive and a legislative branch (government can be a monarchy or a republic); constitutional states also became highly centralized states (sovereign power actually continues to grow, because constitutional states can better tap into power resources than absolutist states) -constitutional theory: John Locke (an English radical, one of most influential philosophers in Western history, his theory of sovereignty and natural rights underpins constitutional government); Locke’s theory ultimately rests on human capacity for reason and good behavior (unlike Hobbes, Locke believed people were born as blank slates, believed the purpose of humans was to survive on Earth, it is up to humans, using their God-given capacity for reason, to discern God’s plan for them on Earth; humans achieve God’s plan by exercising fundamental natural rights to health, liberty, property which
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