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Anth. 147 Notes 4

Anth. 147 Notes 4 - -studying ethnomedicines(medical...

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- studying ethnomedicines (medical anthropology’s changing approaches): -to understand how the anthropological perspective has developed: what questions have we asked?, what assumptions have we held?, what key questions are we asking today?, why have our questions changed? -early approaches (lists of the “bizarre”): F. Clements wrote “Primitive Concepts of Disease” in 1932 (categorize societies solely by their perceived cause of disease: sorcery, soul loss, breach of a taboo, intrusion of a disease object, intrusion by a spirit), criticized b/c he only looks at cause of disease and not the healing process -towards a holistic approach: Erwin Ackernecht in 1971 said questions we need to ask (how are the concepts of disease, its causes, and the characteristics of healers interrelated?; how connected to wider social and political/ economic features of a given society?) -functionalism-theory that assumes that society is composed of interrelated parts forming a whole (contrast from early approaches which focused only on bizarre customs, beliefs and behaviors); focus only on the function of an explanatory model
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