Anth. 147 Notes 7

Anth. 147 Notes 7 - -midwifery across time and culture:...

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- midwifery across time and culture: -midwifery (a field of cultural meanings): how is midwifery shaped by specific social, political-economic processes and gender relations? -midwifery historically (England and US): in the 18 th century women were midwives (mark of lower class, though; wealthy people saw allopathic doctors, while the poor went to midwives); from 1750 to 1800 the “man-midwife” gained popularity (idea that man-midwife could replace the traditional, female midwife) -midwifery in a pluralistic world of healing: professional competition (“regulars” [looked down on reformers as inferior; included men who were doctors trying to gain market predominance] vs. reformers [variety of healers including homeopaths, botanical physicians, hydropaths; charged that regulars lacked respect for human body, relied upon unnatural drugs; reformers looked to alternate ways of treatment, including idea of women healers] beginning in 18 th century; in 1850 the Medical Professions’ Campaign for Dominance; this period was a struggle for economic and political control); acceptability of male ob-gyn’s remained controversial (but could be embraced as a sign of upper class, since the upper class women typically looked to men to deliver babies; the training of men in these processes sought to establish males and educated doctors as the standard for medicine; many people upset that males would be able to perform gynecological exams on women, leads to establishment of women’s
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2011 for the course ANTH 147 taught by Professor Rivkin-fish during the Fall '09 term at UNC.

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Anth. 147 Notes 7 - -midwifery across time and culture:...

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