Psyc. 101 Notes 8

Psyc. 101 Notes 8 - -personality-the set of psychological...

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-personality-the set of psychological traits and mechanisms w/i the individual that are organized and relatively enduring and that influence their interactions w/ and adaptations to the environment -a division in the field-there is a gap b/w the human nature level of analysis and the study of group and individual differences ; this is essentially a gap b/w grand theories of personality and contemporary research -grand theories of personality-attempt to provide universal account of the fundamental psychological processes and characteristics of humans -contemporary research in personality-most current personality research addresses ways in which individuals and groups differ, not human universals; personality psychologists specialize in a particular something -defining personality (content and distinctness)-personality traits (dispositions and dimensions), the five factor model (extraversion/ surgency, neuroticism/ emotional stability, openness to experience, agreeableness, conscientiousness) -psychodynamic perspectives-Freud’s psychoanalytic theory (structure of personality-id [pleasure principle], ego [reality principle], superego [morality]; levels of awareness-conscious, unconscious, preconscious) -Freud’s psychoanalytic theory-conflict (sex and aggression, anxiety, defense mechanisms) -Freud on development-sexual=physical pleasure; psychosexual stages (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital; fixation=excessive gratification or frustration; overemphasis on psychosexual needs during fixated stage) -other psychodynamic theories: Carl Jung and analytical psychology (personal and collective unconscious; archetypes), Alfred Adler and individual psychology (striving for superiority; compensation), Karen Horney and her feminist reconstruction -evaluating psychodynamic perspectives: pros (the unconscious, the role of internal conflict, the importance of early childhood experiences, the use of defense mechanisms), cons (poor testability,
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2011 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Loeb during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Psyc. 101 Notes 8 - -personality-the set of psychological...

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