03 Basic Chemistry - Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry and...

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Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry and Properties of Water I. What does life require? A. How can scientists determine if something is living and what characteristics do all living things possess? B. A Definition of Life: All living organisms… 1. contain a common set of biological molecules 2. can maintain homeostasis (a roughly constant internal environment) 3. organization, reproduction, heredity, growth/development, metabolism, irritability 4. Populations of living organisms can adapt and evolve C. Liquid water is essential II. Basic Chemistry A. Atoms and Ions B. Intramolecular bonds 1. Ionic 2. Covalent (nonpolar) 3. Polar covalent C. Intermolecular bonding 1. Hydrogen bonds III. Properties of Water A. Hydrogen bonding properties 1. Density of ice vs. water 2. Energy transfer a. High specific heat b. Heats of fusion and vaporization 3. Cohesion and adhesion 4. Surface tension and Viscosity B. Dissociative properties 1. Dissolves ionic and polar covalent compounds, but not nonpolar covalent
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This note was uploaded on 05/15/2011 for the course BIO 120 taught by Professor Throgerson during the Fall '08 term at Grand Valley State University.

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03 Basic Chemistry - Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry and...

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