Poli. 271 Notes 4

Poli. 271 Notes 4 - 1688 Glorious Revolution Glorious...

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John Locke The Forge of Modern Liberty: England, the end of Absolutism, and the Liberal Ideal Sources of discontent Henry VIII and the act of Supremacy Anglicanism Protestant reformation Calvinism Presbyterianism Elizabeth Puritanism Revenue Succession James Stuart and Divine Right of Kings Charles Stuart and Monarchical Absolutism James Stuart Succeeded Queen Elizabeth I to the throne of England Scottish King Divine Right of Kings King is ordained by god to rule Authority from god gives rulers absolute power over subjects The English Civil War and Modern Liberty Liberty against tyranny The liberty of property (economic freedom) The liberty of conscience (religious freedom) The liberty of voice (political freedom) English Civil War timeline 1642 – King declares war
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1646 – Parliamentary victory 1649 – Execution of King 1653 – Protectorate established Cromwell, Lord Protector, parliament purged: “Barebones” 1658 – Cromwell dies: Richard (son) assumes power 1660 – Restoration of Charles II
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Unformatted text preview: 1688 Glorious Revolution Glorious Revolution of 1688 William and Mary of Orange Invited by Parliament Lockes criticism of Divine Right theory Monarchical authority derives from Adams dominion, as granted by God Against Divine Right: Adams limited dominion Adams heirs limited dominion Inconclusive patrimony Inconclusive line of descent What is the purpose of Adams right of dominion? The function/purpose of political power is to promote the public good Derivation of political power Imagine there is no authority Whatever people would choose, that is legitimate political power The kind of legitimate authority that is exercised in any relationship is defined by the purpose or function of that relationship Examples of contrasting powers Father-children (natural authority) Master-servant (employer-employee)(conventional authority) Husband-Wife (conventional authority) Lord-Slave (natural authority)...
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course POLI 271 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Poli. 271 Notes 4 - 1688 Glorious Revolution Glorious...

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