Poli. 271 Notes 9

Poli. 271 Notes 9 - Marx History Heavily influenced by the...

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Marx History Heavily influenced by the work of G.W.F. Hegel Dialectic method of argument Thesis  Anti-thesis Leads to resolution Resolution becomes new thesis Goal is to arrive at an irrefutable conclusion Moved to Paris in 1843, met Friedrich Engels, his longtime collaborator Argued that history of human society is best understood as the history of class struggle The real value of material goods is determined by labor Central themes in the socialist tradition Communism is old Stretches back to at least Plato and early Christianity Socialism is a particularly modern tradition of the communist ideal Socialism is a communal ideology for modern, mass, industrial societies Philosophical foundations Critique of existing society Moral critique: present as unjust Material critique: present as inefficient Belief in human perfectibility Moral critique: change “hearts and minds” Material critique: change institutions and practices Belief in virtues of communal life Pastoral vision: small, face to face, self-sufficient communities
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Poli. 271 Notes 9 - Marx History Heavily influenced by the...

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