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Poli. 100 Notes 4

Poli. 100 Notes 4 - officially entering election contests...

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Test 2 Public Opinion Why study public opinion? Two different definitions of public opinion Those opinions held by private individuals which governments find it prudent to heed The politically relevant opinions held by ordinary citizens that they express openly False Consciousness Marxist People do not accurately perceive the reality of their social and economic situations, and contrary to their own interests, they adopt as their own the views of the politically dominant group The Classic Citizen Some Factors when analyzing public opinion Breadth – how widespread are attitudes on the issue Polarity – are those views largely one-sided, or are people divided Intensity – how strongly do people feel Durability – is the issue likely to be long lasting or will it be over soon Distribution – who holds the opinion The Role of Consensus in Democracy How is public opinion studied Sample survey Good questions Probability sampling In depth small sample interviews Focus groups Interest Groups Organized groups that attempt to influence government policy decisions without
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Unformatted text preview: officially entering election contests Direct Representation: the view that elected officials pursue policies that reflect the views of the citizens that elected them Accountability: the view that as policy is implemented, that those responsible for creating the policy can be identified, and subsequently rewarded or punished depending on whether the policy succeeds or fails Party: A party is any political group identified by an official label that presents at election and is capable of placing through election candidates for public office Function of political parties To structure political conflict The help carry out the resolution of that conflict in a manner consistent with the electoral mandate Elections and Voting How do people decide on a candidate? Long term forces Party identification Ideology Medium term forces Policy issues Short term forces Nature of the times Economy, war, scandal Candidates...
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Poli. 100 Notes 4 - officially entering election contests...

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