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The Colonial State in Question

The Colonial State in Question - The Colonial State in...

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The Colonial State in Question: “Native Policy” and Modern State Formation I. Orientation Economic aims of extracting resources and creating new markets was a key aim of colonialism Economy as a realm of African autonomy and conflict with colonial agendas In sum, economic transformation as one key realm of modern history II. Key Questions What about the political realm? How did colonial states enable economic transformation to occur? What did colonial states consist of exactly? How might we think of colonial states as a specific modern state form? I. Defining a Colonial State a. State as “semi-autonomous” intermediary between competing sets of interests (B. Berman and J. Lonsdale) i. Economic interests of European metropole ii. Interests of settlers, missionaries, and other Europeans iii. African interests 1. Competing interests between all three 2. Neither party completely satisfied b. State as dependent on contingent sources of funding i. Metropole: seeking low investment 1. Wanted to operate as cheaply as possible 2. Still spent lots of money ii. Local economic productivity and tax base iii. Strong and weak states c. State as hybrid form of government (H. Arendt)
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i. Bifurcated state (M. Mamdani) 1. Colonial and local at same time ii. Bureaucracy dependent on African and European officials iii. Between liberal democratic model and centralized/despotic model 1. Colonialism as a test case for Enlightenment political ideals: problem of colonial states as modern state form II. How colonial hegemony worked: ‘direct’ rule versus ‘indirect’ rule a. ‘direct’ rule (French form) i. Power centralized in colonial state 1. Native policy: natives are not fit to rule (Africans) 2. But if they assimilate… ii. Possibility of advancement through civilization 1.
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The Colonial State in Question - The Colonial State in...

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