The Interwar Period and the Turn to Anti

The Interwar Period and the Turn to Anti - The Interwar...

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Unformatted text preview: The Interwar Period and the Turn to Anti-Colonial Nationalism I. Orientation: brief summary of course so far a. Colonization affected a variety of realms: economic, political, cultural, gendered, urban/rural i. Genres of history-different focuses and emphasis ii. Ways of thinking about past b. African response to colonization complex i. Resistance, coercion, appropriation ii. Africans made their own history iii. Not simply passive recipients or victims of European colonization c. The early period of colonial rule (1885-WWI) must be understood as period of change and continuity i. Foreign rule, but with indigenous institutions ii. New opportunities for men, fewer for women d. Modernity in Africa during this period defined by a tension and contradiction i. Between the modern (urbanization, assimilation, Western education) and the traditional (indirect rule, gender roles) ii. Modern life must be viewed holistically 1. Not entirely modern of traditional 2. Not entirely Western or African Summary: Africas modern history consists of a constellation of experiences that interacted with one another, that require nuance for understanding their meaning. I I. Nationalism in Question: What do we mean by nationalism? a. 1880-1919: period of resistance i. Sharp rise, then decline b. 1919-35: birth of African nationalism i. Rising form c. Defining nationalism i. European in origin ii. Defined in context of Europe: community of people with common background (ethnic, religious, cultural, linguistic) seeking to express its self-interest through territorial and state formation iii. Hard to achieve national identity in African nation-states d. Defined in African context i. Diversity of communities within a single colonial territory with artificial boundaries, but united by common interest of ending colonial rule ii. Boahen: difference between European and African nationalism was that in Africa, the state was born before the nation Summary: formation of nationalism in Africa was challenging due to ethnic, cultural, linguistic diversity in addition to the pre-existence of a dominant colonial state. I I I.Why nationalism as a political strategy? a. Shift in world politics after WWI i. 1919: establishment of League of Nations at Paris Peace Conference ii. 1918: Woodrow Wilsons 14 points speech and right to national self- determination 1. Point 5-concerns of colonial subject populations must have equal weight to concern of colonial states 2. Wilsonian moment-legitimacy of right to self-determination iii. 1917: Bolshevik Revolution iv. 1919-43: Comintern established 1. Sought to spread communist revolution globally v. 1927: League Against Imperialism 1. Supported national liberation of colonies 2. National liberation, then communist revolution...
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course HIST 130 taught by Professor Lindsay during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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The Interwar Period and the Turn to Anti - The Interwar...

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