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PYSC 245 Notes

PYSC 245 Notes - ~43 Multiple Choice Questions Please note...

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~43 Multiple Choice Questions Please note that the level of difficulty of these questions is much greater than that on the quizzes (which were done before you had lecture) Bring a scantron (do not bend!) and a #2 pencil Note that this guide is not comprehensive of all the types of questions which may be asked on the exam (check out the study tips posted on Bb) ~ 10 Qs from the introductory lectures ~17 Qs from Chapter 5 (Treatments) ~16 Qs from Chapter 6 (Stress Disorders & Health Psychology) Introduction What broad and specific guidelines do clinicians use in order to diagnose abnormal behaviors? o Deviance (based on culture), distress (some ppl don’t know they’re distressed), and dysfunction (what is dysfunctional?) How helpful are these broad and specific guidelines in CORRECTLY making a diagnosis? o They are insufficient because they are very subjective How has the DSM changed over the years/editions? o DSM very theoretical; DSM II had few new disorders; DSM III same; DSM IIIR more descriptive and talked about duration and dysfunction, introduced axis; DSM IV did field studies o Newer editions specify how long person must show symptoms and social/occupational dysfunction What are the five axes and why do we use this? Axis I-clinical syndromes and behavior Axis II-personality disorders and retardation (lifelong disorders) Axis III-general medical info (brain damage)
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Axis IV-environmental conditions (economic problems) Axis V-Global Assessment of Functioning scale What are some of the problems associated with using the DSM? o Co-morbidity o Cultural issues o Changing of times (drapetomania and homosexuality) What tools do clinicians use to gather information? o e.g. interviews?, neuropsyc tests?, IQ tests?, questionnaires?, projective tests? How do these tools differ from one another? Unstructured Interviews-open-ended questions Structured Interviews-clients are asked questions and scored based on answers; format is highly standardized Bender-Gestalt Test-patient replicates figures, giving insight to brain and perception; assesses sensorimotor skills Rorschach Inkblot Test-patient describes what they see Intelligence tests are very culturally biased What is the difference between reliability vs. validity? o Validity is whether test is measuring the correct thing; reliability is whether the test is consistent Treatments What do you know about the history of treating mental disorders? o What types of treatments/housing were used? Hidden in relatives homes; then horrible conditions in madhouses; Act for Regulating Madhouses helped rich claim somebody was crazy and lock them up; Quaker William Tuke wanted people to be treated with dignity; Jean- Baptist Pussin unchained people; Dorothea Dix got crazies out of prisons and into better conditions; revolving door; managed care o What etiological theories prevailed?
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PYSC 245 Notes - ~43 Multiple Choice Questions Please note...

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