245_F2010_Exam 2 Review Guide

245_F2010_Exam 2 Review Guide - ~46 Qs 11 Qs from Chapter 7...

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~46 Qs 11 Qs from Chapter 7 (Anxiety Disorders) 11 Qs from Chapter 9 (Mood Disorders) 11 Qs from Chapter 11 (Schizophrenia) 1 Bonus Q As usual, please keep in mind that the review guide is not necessarily comprehensive of all the concepts which made be tested upon. Be sure to bring a #2 pencil and scantron. For all the disorders, know: 1) DSM-IV-TR symptoms, 2) etiological theories, 3) associative features, 4) treatment options, and 5) how to differentiate from other types of mental disorders. Anxiety Disorders: e.g. What symptoms are characteristic of those with panic disorder? What is agoraphobia and how is it related to panic disorder? How does time matter in the diagnosis of panic disorder? Recurrent panic attacks and one month of concern over attacks or avoidance behavior Agoraphobia is fear of places where help might not be available or crowded places Often agoraphobia is caused by fear of having a panic attack How do the types of anxiety disorders differ from one another? (e.g. how does panic disorder differ from specific phobias? from GAD? from OCD? from social phobia? What is the difference between agoraphobia vs. social phobia vs. specific phobia vs. panic disorder? What might these disorders (esp. Social phobia involves fear of being embarrassed or judged in social situations Agoraphobia is simply fear of being in busy areas What are some of the etiological theories which may explain how generalized anxiety disorder arises? e.g. What is conditions of worth and what perspective suggested that this was an issue for GAD? Humanistic suggested conditions of worth, which are harsh self-standards they must meet in order to be accepted and they deny their true self Psychodynamic suggested realistic anxiety (tornado), neurotic (id impulses not released), and moral (we are punished for id impulses and associate those with anxiety)
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Cognitive have maladaptive thoughts that lead to automatic thoughts; believe worrying helps Existential is fear of limits and responsibilities of one’s existence What is the kindling model and how does it explain panic disorder? Poor regulation in locus ceruleus initiates panic attacks and lowers the threshold for chronic anxiety in the limbic system. Chronic anxiety increases the likelihood of dysregulation in locus ceruleus, which would bring more panic attacks What chemicals are thought to play a role in anxiety disorders? Panic attacks-norepinephrine, serotonin, GABA, CCK GAD-deficiencies in norepinephrine What brain abnormalities may be implicated in anxiety disorders? Poor regulation in locus ceruleus, dysfunction in primitive behavior circuit
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course PYSC 245 taught by Professor Loeb during the Fall '10 term at UNC.

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245_F2010_Exam 2 Review Guide - ~46 Qs 11 Qs from Chapter 7...

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