FINAL REVIEW

FINAL REVIEW - 125 Multiple Choice Questions ~10 from each...

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125 Multiple Choice Questions ~10 from each chapter, ~4 for the Cognitive Disorders lecture If you study the topics here thoroughly, you stand a good chance of doing really well. My advice is for you to learn the details which are mentioned on the outlines (facts which are only mentioned in the textbook will not be tested upon.) Also remember that there are enough Qs such that a few mistakes shouldn’t hurt you. Finally, just concentrate on doing your best…and remember that you have a 10% bonus/cushion. Good luck! ~10 Qs from introductory Qs What are the broad and specific guidelines that clinicians use to determine whether or not a behavior is abnormal? o Deviance, distress, and dysfunction o Sometimes one, sometimes all What are the problems with such criteria? o Deviance-culturally based o Distress-people often do not know they are distressed o Dysfunction-what is dysfunctional? o Clinicians can be wrong What is the DSM? o How has it changed over the years? DSM-heavily influenced by psychoanalytical DSM II-new disorders DSM III-lasting of symptoms, disruptive, axes used DSM IV-field studies Less theoretical and specified duration of disorder o What are the problems associated with the DSM? e.g. how is it created? Created by committees Very political
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e.g. does science support these diagnoses? A lot is based on theory e.g. what’s co-morbidity? Shared symptoms between disorders; hard to diagnose o What are axes and how do they differ from one another? Axis I-clinical disorders Axis II-personality disorders and mental retardation Axis III-general medical conditions Axis IV-psychosocial and environmental problems Axis V-global assessment of functioning What tools do clinicians use to gather information about someone’s psychological state? o e.g. unstructured vs. structured clinical interview? Open ended tests vs. highly standardized o e.g. Bender-Gestalt test? Patient replicates figures to give insight to the brain and perception o e.g. Rorschach’s inkblot test? Patient describes what they see o e.g. brain scans like PET, MRI, CT, MMPI PET measures brain activity with a little radiation MRI-structural with best image with no radiation CT-exposes to radiation with structural information fMRI-brain activity and a little structural with no radiation o e.g. neuropsychological tests? Measure brain activity in a certain part o What’s sorts of information do these tests give?
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o What’s reliability vs. validity and how are they relevant to these assessment tools? Validity-accuracy of a test in measuring what it is supposed to measure Reliability-consistency of a test ~10 Qs from Chapter 5 (Treatments) Historically, how did people view abnormal behavior? o
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course PYSC 245 taught by Professor Loeb during the Fall '10 term at UNC.

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FINAL REVIEW - 125 Multiple Choice Questions ~10 from each...

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