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Unformatted text preview: Note: this outline is not to be distributed or posted on other sites; that is copyright infringement It is very important to take detailed notes, to augment this outline. Read through these notes before coming to class. It should help your note-taking to be most efficient. I. What is abnormal psychology? abnormal mental processes and/or behaviors General guideline to determine abnormality. Deviance-from mainstream population, subjective dysfunction (maladaptive behavior)-unusual behavior that also hurts their lives distress-behavior is livable, but makes person upset note: subjective assessment Q: if assessment of abnormality is subjective, do errors occur? Absolutely! 1. greater consensus for serious diagnoses (e.g. schizophrenia, depression, & bipolar illness) 2. less consensus on all other diagnoses (e.g. dissociative identity disorder) DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association) What has been considered abnormal has changed over the years 1. Drapetomania-slaves run away 2. Homosexuality Five Axes to evaluate 1. Axis I-Disorders that are temporary (depression) 2. Axis II-Pervasive disorders, born with and difficult- impossible to get rid of, can get better (mental retardation) 3. Axis III-physical issues that are existing (brain damage, drugs, car accident) 4. Axis IV-environmental issues (social support, employment, where they live) 5. Axis V-rate 0-100 of their functioning (99-taking good care of themselves, 5-not eating) normal vs. abnormal behavior, NOT abnormal vs. supernatural behavior supernatural causes of abnormal behavior considered throughout history 1. trephination-drill holes in head, thought to be historical cases involving demon in somebodys head currently, medical model is favored mental illness advantages: 1. diagnosis-different categories of abnormal behaviors 2. etiology-factors causing/maintaining the illness 3. prognosis/treatment II. Axis I disorders A. Anxiety Disorders marked feelings of apprehension or anxiety 1. Subtypes a. Generalized Anxiety Disorder high anxiety not tied to a specific threat constant worry, but high level b. Phobic Disorder irrational fear of a specific object or situation acrophobia (heights) claustrophobia (enclosed places) brontophobia (storms)...
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course PYSC 101 taught by Professor Loeb during the Spring '10 term at UNC.
- Spring '10