dance 45 final study guide 3

dance 45 final study guide 3 - : 7,the Tsarcontrolled...

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Russian Revolution 1917: the revolution was against the Tsar, the  Tsar controlled, funded, promoted ballet in Russia, head choreographer was Petipa,  the communists take over Russia, ballet in Russia stayed classical because of communism Anna Pavlova: greatest female ballet dancer, had her own company,  workaholic, died of pneumonia b/c of overwork, last words were of her swan costume. Had  greatest influence in America The Dying Swan : 1905 Pavlova wants solo choreographed by  Fokine=Dying Swan, became her signature dance. Her solo considered the most famous of  all dramatic solos. Was first danced at Metropolitan NY, critics loved it. Became symbol  of new Russian ballet=Romanticism in 1840s in ballet (value of individual against  all arts) Ballet Russe: Diaghilev as producer, grew out of his summer tour,  all revolutionary dancers came out of this company, later dissolved Serge Diaghilev: rises as director/impresario/producer (not dancer/choreographer/musician), was good at bringing talent  together, brought ballet to 20 th  C. launched career of Fokine, Ninjinsky, Massine, Pavlova  Balanchine. Brings all great dancers from Imperial Ballet to Paris for the summer. Great  success, ballets mostly work of Fokine, and he establishes Ballet Russe as permanent  company instead of summer event, died 1929, but Ballet Russe still continued Leon Bakst: made costumes and set for  Afternoon of a Fawn Pablo Picasso: did costumes for many of Diaghilev's productions  through promise to become famous, no one hired anyone to do anything for ballet russe  except Diaghilev Michel Fokine: born in St. Petersburg, student of Imperial School  of Ballet, brilliant
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dancer but became known as choreographer, followed Petipa. Didn't  like Imperial Russian ballet's rigidity and sterility which was still controlled  by the Tsar. Thought was little more than an exhibition of agility and physical virtuosity.  Dances happily w/ Diaghilev's company. Wanted to make ballet a fully expressive art  that mirrored life. Revolutionary ideas that audience accepted. Hot and passionate  dances Fokine's 5 major principles: (really reiterating Noverre) -movement to fit theme of dance -entire body to be expressive -no mime -no divertissments, nothing for sake of entertainment -unity between all arts Les Sylphides : short, non-narrative  ballet blanc . Its original  choreography was by Mikhail Fokine, with music by Frederic Chopin. The Diaghilev  premier is Paris vs. in St. Ptersburg is the most famous, as its soloists were Tamara Karsavina, 
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2011 for the course DANCE 40 taught by Professor Press during the Spring '11 term at UCSB.

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dance 45 final study guide 3 - : 7,the Tsarcontrolled...

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