s5_environment2_climate1 [Compatibility Mode]

s5_environment2_climate1 [Compatibility Mode] - World...

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World climate 1 1 Learning objectives 1) Know the difference 2) List the elements 3) List the six principal controls of weather & climate, & explain how they impact temperature & precipitation around the world 4) Work out & explain the global air circulation model 5) Describe the location & main characteristics of the . World climate 2 Climate •Th e _____ or ______ condition over a much _____ time period different _______. • e.g. hot, dry summer; wet, cool winters Weather • The atmospheric condition (temperature, precipitation, winds, air pressure, etc.) at ______________. • _____ time period (e.g. day, week) The main difference _______________ used . 3 Major elements 1) temperature 2) precipitation (moisture content) 3) (air) pressure 4) wind 4 Six principal controls Temperature Precipitation Variable 1) Latitude 4) Air circulation 2) Land-water 3) Ocean currents 5) Topography 6) Elevation (altitude) 5 1) Pattern 1 • Isotherms (isolines of temperature) generally run in ____ direction, roughly following the ________ of latitude. Temperature _____ from equator to the poles. 2) Pattern 2 • Isotherms bend ________ (direction) over continents in January (winter in N hemisphere). Winter temperatures are _______ over the continents than over the oceans. • Isotherms bend ________ (direction) over continents in July (summer in N hemisphere). Summer temperatures are ______ over the continents than over the oceans.
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s5_environment2_climate1 [Compatibility Mode] - World...

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