118A_Rxns._Thru_Ch9

118A_Rxns._Thru_Ch9 - 2 , PBr 3 , or P + I 2 (Ch. 9) 9....

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CHEMISTRY 118A WORKSHOP/DOUG KENT/LSC/REACTIONS YOU SHOULD KNOW FOR THE FINAL EXAM* 1. free-radical halogenation of alkanes (Ch. 3) 2. alcohols from haloalkanes via nucleophilic substitution (Ch. 6-8) 3. alcohols from carbonyl compounds (aldehydes and ketones) via hydride reduction (Ch. 8) 4. oxidation of alcohols to carbonyl compounds (Ch. 8) 5. alcohols from carbonyl compounds using organometallic compounds (alkyllithium or Grignard reagents) (Ch. 8) 6. alcohol deprotonation to form alkoxide ions (Ch. 9) a. using very strong bases (NaNH 2 , NaH, LDA, BuLi, etc.) b. using active alkali metals (Li, Na, K) 7. alcohol + HX = RX + H 2 O (X = I, Br; Cl works only with 2 o and 3 o alcohols) (Ch. 9) 8. haloalkanes from alcohols using special reagents: SOCl
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Unformatted text preview: 2 , PBr 3 , or P + I 2 (Ch. 9) 9. alkenes from alcohols via dehydration (Ch. 9) 10. Williamson ether synthesis (Ch. 9) 11. symmetrical ether synthesis with H 2 SO 4 (Ch. 9) 12. ether cleavage in strong acid (conc. HI/ or conc. HBr/ ) (Ch. 9) 13. oxacyclopropane ring opening in acid (Ch. 9) 14. oxacyclopropane ring opening in base (Ch. 9) 15. hydride reduction of oxacyclopropane (1. LiAlH 4 /ether; 2. H + /H 2 O) (Ch. 9) 16. oxacyclopropane + organometallic compounds (Ch. 9) * You should have one (and only one) reaction flashcard for each of the above reactions (16 total reaction flashcards); also, you should know (and be able to write out from memory) the mechanisms of most, if not all, of the above reactions....
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This note was uploaded on 05/14/2011 for the course CHE 118 taught by Professor Shaw during the Spring '10 term at UC Davis.

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