APA Style for Electronic Sources (American Psychological Association)This guide provides basic guidelines and examples for citing electronic sources using the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6thedition and the APA Style for Electronic Sources (2008). APA style requires that sources receive attribution in the text by the use of parenthetical in-text references. General guidelines for in-text references are included on the last page of this guide.Where available, the doi (digital object identifier) number should be used to provide access information for electronic materials. URLs may be included for resources that do not have a doi number. The names of full-text databases and rarely necessary in an APA citation. Retrieval date information should only be included when the page/site/information is likely to change.Journal ArticlesArticle with DOI Format: Author Last, First Initial. (Year of Publication). Article title. Journal Title,volume #(issue number), start page-end page. doi: alphanumeric stringSample Citation:Welch, K.E. (2005). Technical communication and physical location: Topoi andarchitecture in computer classrooms. Technical Communication Quarterly 14(3), 335-344. doi: 10.1207/s15427625tcq1403_12Article without DOIFormat: Author Last, First Initial. (Year of Publication). Article title. Journal Title,volume #(issue number), start page-end page. Retrieved from URL Sample Citation:Fisher, D., Russell, D., Williams, J., & Fisher, D. (2008). Space, time & transfer invirtual case environments. Kairos 12(2), 127-165. Retrieved from http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/12.2/binder.html?topoi/fisher-etal/articleIntro.htmlAdvance Online PublicationFormat: Author Last, First Initial. (Year of Publication). Article title. Journal Title,volume #(issue number), start page-end page. Advance online publication. doi: alphanumeric string or URLNote: In the following sample, the text includes neither page numbers nor a doi number. Therefore, the page number component is not included and the URL is substituted for the doi.Sample Citation:St. John, J., & Quinn, T.W. (2008). Rapid capture of DNA targets. Biotechniques 44(2). Advance online publication. Retrieved from http://www.biotechniques.com/default.asp?page=aop&subsection=article_display&display=full&id=112633
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