Poetry Terms - Poetry Terms-PIB 9 Poetry-condensed language...

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Poetry Terms—PIB 9 Poetry —condensed language, usually having a musical quality and containing literary techniques such as meter, metaphor, and rhyme Primary Elements of Poetry Speaker—the individual from whose perspective the poem is presented Subject—the overall topic of the poem (on the surface level) Tone—the speaker’s attitude toward his/her audience and/or subject matter (affected y diction and syntax) Thematic Elements Motif—a recurring image, word, action, idea or situation, tying into a theme Symbol—in literature, something concrete which stands for something abstract Irony—strong contrast between expectation and reality; outcome is the opposite of the expectation (can be situational, verbal, or dramatic) Types/Forms Narrative—tells a story Lyrical—expresses deep emotion or observation Dramatic—involves monologue or dialogue (expresses thoughts or feelings) Ballad—narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually a recurrent refrain Concrete poem—a poem with a shape that reflects the subject of the poem Elegy—a poem composed as a lament for a deceased person Epic—extended narrative poem in elevated language, celebrating the feats of a legendary hero
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