AP Literary Terms

AP Literary Terms - Literary Devices abridgment abstract...

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Literary Devices abridgment a shortened version of a literary work abstract a brief statement or summary of the essential thoughts of a book, article, etc.; an adjective which denotes qualities that exist only as attributes of particular persons or things allegory a symbolic narrative created to parallel and illuminate a separate set of moral, philosophical, political, religious, or social situations alliteration the repetition of consonant sounds in a sequence of nearby words M ark m y m elodious m idnight m oan. allusion a reference, explicit or indirect, to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art ambiguity the use of a single word or expression to signify two or more distinct references, or to express two or more diverse attitudes or feelings (poetic term); ordinarily, the term is applied to a fault in style analogy a point by point comparison made between two things for the purpose of clarifying the less familiar of the two subjects anachronism action, scene, object, or character placed where it does not belong in time anapest in poetry, a foot with two weak stresses followed by one strong stress, as in the word “disembark” anecdote a very brief account of an incident, usually personal or biographical antagonist a character or force in conflict with the main character, or protagonist, in a literary work Goliath is the antagonist battling David, the protagonist. antecedent the word a pronoun stands for, usually used before or in close proximity to that pronoun Joan walked up the stairs where she had seen the bloodstain. (Joan = antecedent of she) anti-hero a protagonist who is petty, ineffectual, passive or dishonest; displaying few or none of the characteristics of the traditional hero antithesis a contrast expressed in grammatically parallel form God made the country; man made the town. aphorism the pithy and pointed statement of a serious maxim, opinion, or general truth Art is long; life is short. apostrophe a direct and explicit address to an absent person or non-human entity O Grave! where is thy Victory? anaphora repetition (literally “bringing back”) of a word or word group to begin successive phrases.
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archetype recurrent narrative designs, patterns of action, character types, or images identifiable in a wide variety of works of literature; archetypes are often used to reflect a set of universal, primitive, and elemental mental forms or patterns in the human psyche; if used effectively, archetypes evoke a profound response from the reader aside a statement delivered by an actor to an audience in such a way that other characters on stage are presumed not to hear what is said assonance the repetition of vowel sounds in stressed syllables containing dissimilar consonant sounds I bequea th you that clea n shee t and an empty throne. attitude
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AP Literary Terms - Literary Devices abridgment abstract...

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