This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: LA11: American Literature and Composition
Thursday, January 7th, 2010 Thursday, January 7th
Today's Objectives Students will understand some major events taking place in America and around the world before 1750 to better understand the experiences informing the literature. Students will practice organizing information into coherent notes to better organize thinking and analysis. Students will practice reading critically and consider influences of a time period on written material and authors' experiences. Thursday, January 7th
Today's Agenda If you have a signed syllabus, please be sure to get it in to your period's submission box before you leave today! Also, Please take your final projects home! Notes: Beginnings to 1750 You need your graphic organizer out to take notes in the "historical background" column. Begin reading: "Museum Indians" Classwide demonstration of Graphic Organizer Thursday, January 7th
Historical Background: Beginnings to 1750 1558: Elizabeth I inherits the throne of England 1565: Pedro Menendez founds the first permanent settlement in the U.S.: St. Augustine, Florida. 1636: Harvard College is founded in Massachusetts. 1639: First printing press in Englishspeaking North America arrives in Massachusetts 1647: Massachusetts establishes free public schools. Thursday, January 7th
Historical Background Continued: 1692: Salem witchcraft trials result in the execution of twenty people. 1735: John Peter Zenger acquitted of libel, furthering freedom of the press. 1741: Great Awakening, a series of religious revivals, begins to sweep the colonies. 1741: Jonathan Edwards delivers his sermon Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. Thursday, January 7th
Notes, Continued: Settlers did not realize that Native Americans had cultural values and literary traditions of their own. Native American literature was entirely oral. Oral literature from the Native Americans and the first written works of the colonists begin the literary traditions of the early colonial period in America. Separatists form a colony under the guidance of a theocracy (the immediate guidance of God) Puritans believed in predestination, the Bible as God's will, and great soul searching. They are also known for their strong work ethic. Religion dominated the lives of the puritans as well as their writing. Thursday, January 7th
Notes, Continued: Meanwhile, wealthy communities were growing up in the South and were sustained by large, lucrative plantations. Values of the English colonies hung around, one of which was the lower status of women. The plantations did more to separate the classes (Slave, the plantation owners Men and the families of the owners women and children) Thursday, January 7th Early literature about women focused on their training and duties. In the mid1700's, the focus shifted to women's careers (Benson 11) "... in spite of many statements regarding women's intellectual equality with men and pleas for more opportunities for the sex, the popular view of women's place was not high. This was shown by the attitude of men like Addison and Steele who were earnestly trying to improve women's condition, whose comments revealed all to clearly the shallow social and intellectual life, of most women of their time." (Benson 1516) In early colonial America, an unmarried woman enjoyed some of the same legal rights as men, but social customs required her to marry at an early age. After marriage, a woman lost her identity in the eyes of the law. She wasn't permitted to vote, and her access to education was very limited. Only a widow who didn't remarry was allowed to own property, conduct her own business, and retain her wages--a sad state of affairs. But colonial women like Anne Bradstreet and Anne Hutchinson exerted considerable social and literary influence in spite of primitive conditions and the dangers they might face for stepping outside of the roles society had assigned them. Thursday, January 7th
Read: Museum Indians (p. 35) We will come back as a class and work through the graphic organizer together. Thursday, January 7th
Homework for tonight: Finish Museum Indians if you did not finish reading it in class today. ...
View Full Document
- Fall '09