Unformatted text preview: When we align these two drawings, what do we know about the building? PLAN 1 SECTION PREHISTORIC & PRIMITIVE ARCHITECTURE
2 wood, thatch and mud 3 Earthworks henges (earth circles) and mounds 4 menhir 5 Avebury, England 6 Blomsholm, Sweden
7 Carnac, France 8 Carnac: order isn't apparent close up parallel lines stretching over a mile visible from above
9 Dolmen 10 Stonehenge, England
11 12 Stonehenge 1st: earth circle with mounds 2nd: inner circle of small stones 3rd: stone trilithons 13 Trilithon construction 14 mortise & tenon 15 mortise and tenon joints much research has been done on how the stones were brought to the site and erected
16 verticals form a strong mark against the landscape 17 Primitive Architecture: made by peoples who have a very direct relationship with site and climate primitive architecture is simply built, so can reveal the relation between materials, site, and climate
18 Southwest US desert: Adobe
19 Earth materials heavy, earthy, store heat. Good in compression (bearing strength) but not in tension 20 (spanning strength) - stone, adobe, brick, concrete. WOOD: Stick or air materials: light, portable, easy to put up, strong in tension but not in compression Tipis and tents easily disassembled and moved.
21 all22can be moved easily by camel or horse Northwest US In the Nootka Sound fishing camps, the frame is permanent; the cedar planks can be taken away.
23 Salish buildings show the use of long cedar planks and shingles to cover the frame. 24 Longhouse heavy timber frame is covered with long cedar planks totem poles and other carvings used for decoration 25 Longhouse photo, plan and section 26 Drawings of longhouse interiors by early English explorers 27 Samoa: traditional Polynesian form uses local materials: a rock platform and wood frame. The climate is mild and wet. A sloped roof thatched with dried plants sheds rain; no walls allow breezes to cool 28 the interior. 29 30 In this 19th c. photograph, you can see the thatch being sewn to the frame of the roof. 31 Comparative Plans and Sections: What can you tell about materials from these two plans? 32 33 Stick building Earth building 34 35 Thorncrown Chapel, Eureka Springs, AK, 1980 Church of St. Francis de Asis, Taos, NM 1772
36 Stick building soars into the trees. Earth building holds fast to the ground. 37 ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 05/15/2011 for the course ARCH 150 taught by Professor Deines during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.
- Spring '08