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Unformatted text preview: China under the Han Dynasty c.100 CE Qin Shi HuangDi: Qin dynasty emperor who completed the Great Wall and first united China in the 3rd c. BCE built his tomb, near Xian. Finding the adjacent pits was a sensational archaeological event of the 1970s. The terracotta army of Qin Shi Huangdi was found buried in rammed earth pits near his burial mound. They were buried there to protect his tomb. Plan of the pits holding the terracotta army, left Section of the pits: each group of soldiers stood in its own trench, which later was roofed and then covered with soil. China, perhaps to control its huge territory, relied upon strict order in its society and its building City planning: Reconstruction of ancient capital of Luoyang. Open to the south and the river, it was closed at the north by hills. The most protected area was the central walled imperial city. Chang'an (modern X'ian) a planned city according to cardinal directions. It was the ancient Han capital and near the eastern end of the Silk Road Ancient Silk Road Beijing, first called Dadu, "northern capital". It was built to be the capital it is today by the Ming and Q'ing Dynasties. The concentric walls protect the imperial city at the center. Forbidden city: heart of imperial city of Beijing Walls with guard towers and a moat surround the Forbidden City Today it is surrounded by buildings of the modern capital Gate, above left River, below left Entering the court of the imperial audience halls Hall of Supreme Harmony: Imperial audience hall raised on a stepped plinth roof stepped plinth Section diagram of the construction of the Hall of Supreme Harmony: the appearance of a heavy sheltering roof over a raised earthen plinth. Hall of Supreme Harmony Bracket framing, developed over many centuries, allows the roof eaves to cantilever far outside the building edge and to support the heavy weight of the terracotta roof. Han Dynasty pottery house model These clay models from the 1st and 6th centuries CE show the same columns, bracket framing, and heavy ornamented tile roof used for centuries. Each piece of the complex has an individual name and characteristic The Chinese courtyard house is organized like the Chinese city Double and single courtyard houses Triple courtyard Forbidden city Plan and axonometric drawing of a Chinese courtyard house The courtyard house is walled on the street with a gate in the wall. The courtyard is used for light and air in the house -there are no windows looking out. It is an outdoor room used by the family. These ideas are similar to the the Roman domus. Plan of Chinese courtyard house Plan of Domus -- Roman house from Pompeii Songyue Pagoda, Mt. Song, China Great Stupa, Sanchi Songyue Pagoda, China Yakushi Temple Pagoda, Japan Songyue Pagoda, China ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/15/2011 for the course ARCH 150 taught by Professor Deines during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.
- Spring '08