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Unformatted text preview: Lifetime Fitness Final Exam Review Test will be approximately: 50 multiple choice 1 Multi-part Essay Question No equations, very few percentages, know ranges for health measurements Review from Modules: Module 1: Health Status and Benefits of Physical Activity What are the two leading causes of death in the United States are diseases that are considered lifestyle related and mostly preventable? 57% of all deaths in the United States are caused by cardiovascular disease (35 %; high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, congestive heart disease, strokes) and cancer (24%). People who live a sedentary life and partake in a high fat diet and/or smokes have a higher likely hood of suffering from cardiovascular disease or cancer. 80% of the deaths could have been prevented with a healthy lifestyle program. What are some key factors contributing to the increasing prevalence of obesity and excessive body weight in the United States? Obesity is having a BMI of 30 or higher or is at least 30 lbs over weight. High fat diet and a sedentary life style contribute to the increasing prevalence of obesity and excessive body weight in the United States. A diet that is high in triglycerides and cholesterol and lacks key nutrients plays a role in obesity. Another contributing factor to obesity is diabetes (and is also caused by obesity). 18 million Americans die from diabetes, a disease that results in the bodys cells not taking up blood sugar from a pancreas that does not produce enough insulin or that cells have become insulin resistant. High stress levels can also contribute to obesity. What are some key goals of the Healthy People 2010 initiative and what are the rationales behind these goals? Fitness Guidelines: Option 1: 5 days per week, 30 minutes of moderate activity Option 2: 3 days per week with 20 minutes of vigorous exercise and 2 days per week of strength (resistance) training 8-10 exercises 8-12 repetition Healthy People 2010 have 10 major areas of focus: physical activity, obesity, tobacco use, mental health, injury and violence, substance abuse, responsible sexual behavior, immunization, access to health care and environmental quality. Module 2: Health and Fitness Assessments What is cardiovascular disease and who does it affect? Cardiovascular disease includes high blood pressure, high cholesterol, coronary heart disease, congestive heart disease, and strokes. High blood pressure can lead to stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and kidney failure. Coronary heart disease is a major problem in which arteries that supply the heart with oxygen and nutrients are blocked by cholesterol and triglycerides. What are the national health objectives? Familiarize yourself with cholesterol, blood pressure, diabetes, and other common diseases in America....
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- Fall '08