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Unformatted text preview: AASII Review Sheet for Exam Spring Qtr, 2011- Gerard Important Terms/Personalities Chp. 16 Plains Indians/Great Plains Oklahoma was allocated to the southern Plains Indians and the Five Civilized Tribes--the Choctaw, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole The Plains Indians resisted (Ch 16 summary 1) Wounded Knee Massacre( December, 1890) Sight of 1890 massacre; mass grave unmarked without memorial to Indians that died there. Bring national attention to plight of Indians in America and fact that 1868 treaty never honored. Ghost Dance Movement Ghost Dance Movement lead by Wakova ; went into transitive state and the whites would go away, bullets cant hurt you Lakota Sioux The great Sioux nation. Last ones to give up Chief Joseph- Nez Perce The Nez Perc Indians, led by Chief Joseph, marched 1,500 miles from eastern Oregon to escape confinement in a small reservation. After four months of engagements with the pursuing U.S. Army, remnants of the tribe were cornered and forced to surrender in Montana near the Canadian border. Geronimo-Apache George A. Custer: Misinformed On June 25, 1876, George A. Custer pursued a reckless battle strategy in which his troops were surrounded and annihilated by Chief Crazy Horse's Sioux and Cheyenne warriors at Little Big Horn. Helen Hunt Jackson A Century of Dishonor ( 1881); Ramona ( 1884) Helen Hunt Jackson Century of Dishonor. Introduces America to the truth of how Native Americans were treated, Indian wars, (White American/Indian relations) Black Hills/Dakota Territory White greed wrecked the reservation solution when the government opened up the Black Hills to gold seekers in the mid-1870s Oklahoma Territory The Indian Territory of Oklahoma met a similar fate; two million acres of the so-called Indian Oklahoma District were placed under the Homestead Act, and on April 22, 1889, a horde of "boomers" rushed in and staked out the entire district within a few hours. Oregon Trail Pony Express Union and Central Pacific RRs Transcontinental RR ( 1869) Long Drive Long Drive, hiring cowboys to herd longhorn cattle hundreds of miles north to the railroads that pushed west across Kansas. As soon as railroads reached the Texas range country during the 1870s, however, ranchers abandoned the Long Drive. Dawes Act of 1887 Divided Indian land into 160 and 80 acre parcels. Excess land sold off to pay for Indian education. Land can at any time be bought back by federal government but US can hold land for 25 years if it is felt to be in best interests of the Indians. Tribal lands no longer owned by whole tribe Open-range ranching Cattle herding, no fences, just travel and graze cattle Homesteading/Homestead Act of 1862 Homesteading: giving land and building home/farm (productive, pay taxes)....
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This note was uploaded on 05/15/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Mr.beckler during the Spring '11 term at Alabama State University.
- Spring '11
- Pony Express