Glossary - absolute configuration: The configuration of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
absolute configuration: The configuration of four different substituent groups around an asymmetric carbon atom, in relation to D- and L-glyceraldehyde. absolute configuration The configuration of four different substituent groups around an asymmetric carbon atom, in relation to D- and L-glyceraldehyde. absolute configuration: The configuration of four different substituent groups around an asymmetric carbon atom, in relation to D- and L-glyceraldehyde. absorption: Transport of the products of digestion from the intestinal tract into the blood. acceptor control: The regulation of the rate of respiration by the availability of ADP as phosphate group acceptor. accessory pigments: Visible lightabsorbing pigments (carotenoids, xanthophyll, and phycobilins) in plants and photosynthetic bacteria that complement chlorophylls in trapping energy from sunlight. acidosis: A metabolic condition in which the capacity of the body to buffer H + is diminished; usually accompanied by decreased blood pH. actin: A protein making up the thin filaments of muscle; also an important component. of the cytoskeleton of many eukaryotic cells. activation energy (ΔG°'): The amount of energy (in joules) required to convert all the molecules in 1 mole of a reacting substance from the ground state to the transition state. activator: (1) A DNA-binding protein that positively regulates the expression of one or more genes; that is, transcription rates increase when an activator is bound to the DNA. (2) A positive modulator of an allosteric enzyme. active site: The region of an enzyme surface that binds the substrate molecule and catalytically transforms it; also known as the catalytic site. active transport: Energy-requiring transport of a solute across a membrane in the direction of increasing concentration. activity: The true thermodynamic activity or potential of a substance, as distinct from its molar concentration. activity coefficient: The factor by which the numerical value of the concentration of a solute must be multiplied to give its true thermodynamic activity. acyl phosphate: Any molecule with the general chemical form . adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate:
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
See cyclic AMP. adenosine diphosphate: See ADP. adenosine triphosphate: See ATP. adipocyte: An animal cell specialized for the storage of fats (triacylglycerols). adipose tissue: Connective tissue specialized for the storage of large amounts of triacylglycerols. ADP (adenosine diphosphate): A ribonucleoside 5'-diphosphate serving as phosphate group acceptor in the cell energy cycle. aerobe: An organism that lives in air and uses oxygen as the terminal electron acceptor in respiration. aerobic: Requiring or occurring in the presence of oxygen. alcohol fermentation:
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/15/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Mr.beckler during the Spring '11 term at Alabama State University.

Page1 / 46

Glossary - absolute configuration: The configuration of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online