Geog 001 Chapter 8 (South Asia)

Geog 001 Chapter 8 (South Asia) - GEOG 101 World Regional...

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GEOG 101 – World Regional Geography Professor: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Chapter 8 – South Asia A – The Realm of the Monsoons B – South Asian Cultures and Religions C – Regions of the Realm
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Overview Well defined physiographically The world’s second largest population cluster Significant demographic problems Low income economies Population concentrated in villages - subsistence agriculture Strong cultural regionalism Boundary problems
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The Realm of the Monsoons Monsoons From the Arabic word “mausim” which means season: Annual weather cycle within the tropical and subtropical continents of Asia, Australia and Africa and the adjacent seas and oceans. Most vigorous and dramatic cycles of weather events on earth: Torrential rains. Floods. Tropical cyclones. Blow from the southwest from April to October: Wet season. India gets more than 80% of its rainfall during the monsoon. Blow from the northeast from October to April: A
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The Realm of the Monsoons Convectional rainfall Mostly during the summer, almost everyday around the tropics. Hot temperature causes rapid evaporation. As the humid air climbs, it cools and causes torrential rain falls. Orographic rainfall Mostly during the monsoons. High mountain ranges force humid air masses to climb. It cools and rain falls. Highest levels of precipitation are on the Indian side of the Himalayas (more than 30 Evaporation Condensation Wind
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Dominant Wind Patterns in the Winter (October to April) – Dry Season H (Cold) L (Warm) L (Warm) Monsoon Region Monsoon Region
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Dominant Wind Patterns in the Summer (April to October) – Wet Season H (Cold) L (Warm) Monsoon Region Monsoon Region
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Average Annual Precipitations (in millimeters) 0 - 100 100 - 200 200 - 400 400 - 600 600 - 1000 1000 - 1500 1500 - 2000 2000 - 3000 > 3000 Monsoon east Dry continental Gobi Desert Ganges Delta Borneo Raining every day with no dry season Driest desert on earth Mawsynram, India (467” of rain per year; 11860 mm). Most precipitation on earth
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0 100 200 300 400
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Geog 001 Chapter 8 (South Asia) - GEOG 101 World Regional...

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