Psych disorders final project 4

Psych disorders final project 4 - Psychological Disorders 1...

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Psychological Disorders 1 Nicole Ureste Analyzing Psychological Disorders Part A December 5, 2010 PSY/240 Leslie Whitten
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Psychological Disorders 2 The word schizophrenia actually means “the splitting of psychic functions” and was made up in the 19 th century to describe what was at that time, the primary symptom of the disorder (Pinel, 2007). Areas of the Brain Affected The brain imaging studies that have been done for this disorder show wide spread abnormalities with schizophrenia. The cerebral cortex is strangely small and the cerebral ventricles are strangely large. The brain damage in schizophrenic patients may be wide spread but it is not distributed evenly. The cortical damage is mostly in the prefrontal, cingulated, and medial temporal areas of the cortex. When a patient is first diagnosed with schizophrenia the damage to the brain that can be seen is minimal compared to the damage that can be seen years later (Pinel, 2007). Causal Factors of Schizophrenia In 1984 a study was conducted to find out what schizophrenic patients thought the major causes of their disorders were. All patients reported having problems, whether it be psychiatric or psychological, which were the most mentioned compared to other problems such as nerves, life events, childhood experiences, hormonal factors, or genetic factors ( Phillips, Cooke, Cooke, and Peters, 2006). Regardless of studies, researchers have yet to single out one main cause of schizophrenia. One thing that they have agreed on is that schizophrenia is highly genetic. Symptoms of Schizophrenia There are many symptoms of schizophrenia that are characterized in to positive symptoms and negative symptoms. How ever many symptoms there may be, every schizophrenic patient is different and does not show all of the same symptoms. Some
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Psychological Disorders 3 patients may only show one or two of the symptoms and another patient may show four of the symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms of schizophrenia are bizarre
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course BEH 225 taught by Professor Mrking during the Spring '09 term at University of Phoenix.

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Psych disorders final project 4 - Psychological Disorders 1...

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