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Unformatted text preview: negative behavior would be repeated if the punisher or punishment was removed (Morris &amp; Maisto, 2002, p. 196). Reinforcement, both positive and negative, teaches new behaviors or strengthens the existing behavior. Positive and negative reinforcers can teach subjects to obtain something positive such as food, or do something to escape something negative (Morris &amp; Maisto, 2002, p. 194). Superstitious behavior happens when we do something and it is followed by a reinforcer, positive or negative. Skinner learned this by placing a pigeon in a cage and dropping food into the food hopper randomly. He noticed that when the pigeon would run out of food, he would begin to do what ever it was that he was doing prior to Skinner dropping the food into the hopper (Morris &amp; Maisto, 2002, p. 198)....
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- Spring '09