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Unformatted text preview: Nichole Newcome Chapter 18 outline Chapter 18: order amidst diversity Population level/ species level What is taxonomy? Method used to classify organisms Aristotle came up with the first way to classify organisms, visual observations, based on looking at the structures of animals, behavior, degree of development at birth, (EX: elephants rely on herd for several years, fish have no maternal bonding) Charles Darwin classification system reflected evolutionary relationships Carl von Linne (changed his name to Carolus Linnaeus) developed a system that depended on resemblance, latin based naming system having both genus and species in the name Binomial nomenclature- having two names Animals name are based on a genus and a species name Refer to handout 1, helps clarify which organism you are talking about Humans- homo sapiens, genus=homo, species = sapiens 4 different approaches: 1- Morphology- (Aristotle)size, shape and structures, visual observations, fig 18-2 microscopic structures may be used to classify organism, (bristles, size or shape of pollen grains), looking at the number of...
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- Spring '11