behweek4check - B.F. Skinner was an American psychologist...

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B.F. Skinner was an American psychologist and inventor whose influential theories and research contributed to the progression of the field of psychology. Skinner was said to have pioneered the study of operant conditioning (Morris & Maisto, 2002). Operant conditioning refers to behaviors that are triggered by outside stimuli. These are learned behaviors that are influenced by other aspects of operant conditioning such as reinforcements, or rewards, and by punishment. Skinner believed that reinforcements are motivators that increase the likeliness that a certain behavior will be repeated. He thought of reinforcement as the best way to shape behaviors. In contrast, Skinner believed that punishment tends to weaken behaviors because it adds something negative to the environment and because punishment does not teach more desirable behaviors. To help prove his theories on operant conditioning, Skinner developed a device known as the “Skinner box”. Rats were place in this relatively small box with a bar, that when
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This note was uploaded on 05/15/2011 for the course BEH 225 taught by Professor Mrking during the Spring '09 term at University of Phoenix.

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behweek4check - B.F. Skinner was an American psychologist...

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