Chapter 3 Outline Practice Test

Chapter 3 Outline Practice Test - Chapter 03 This outline...

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Chapter 03 This outline can be a helpful study tool to assist you in seeing the order and sequence of the chapter and the relationship of ideas. Use it to take notes as you read and/or to add concepts presented in lecture. I. Understanding symbols, meanings, and rules is essential to understanding language's important characteristics. A. Language is symbolic; it is constructed with symbols. B. Meanings are in people, not in words. Successful communication occurs when we negotiate the meaning of a statement. C. Language is governed by phonological, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic rules. II. Language has the power to shape and reflect attitudes. A. The use of language in naming people and groups, establishing credibility, instituting status, and increasing or diminishing sexism and racism demonstrates the power of language to shape attitudes. B. Language reflects attitudes, as we use it to demonstrate our power, affiliation (through convergence or divergence), attraction and interest (through demonstrative pronouns, negation, or sequential placement), and responsibility (through the use of "I" language, "but," and questions). III.Troublesome language leads to misunderstandings, disruptions, and evasions. A. Equivocal words, relative words, slang, jargon, abstract language, and stereotyping lead to misunderstandings; B. Behavioral descriptions (i.e. Who is Involved? In What Circumstances Does the Behavior Occur? What Behaviors are Involved?) reduce these confusions. C. Failing to differentiate between factual statements, opinion statements, and inferential statements and using emotive language leads to disruption and confusion in communication. D. Euphemisms and equivocations (intentionally ambiguous speech) are types of evasive language that avoid completely truthful statements. IV.Gender differences influence our language use. A. The content of language used by men and women demonstrates gender differences. B. Motives and reasons for communicating differ with gender. C. Conversational style differs with gender. D. Some differences in communication between genders are a result of social philosophy, occupations, and social and sex roles rather than gender. E. Differences between the way men and women communicate can lead frustration among the two sexes. F. Culture and language are interdependent; low- and high-context cultures illustrate this interdependence. G. Languages exhibit diverse cultural styles with regard to directness/indirectness,
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course COMM 101 taught by Professor Harjitdosanght during the Spring '11 term at Pierce College.

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Chapter 3 Outline Practice Test - Chapter 03 This outline...

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