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ME312hw2 - ME 312 HOMEWORK SET 2 Spring 2009 Due Thursday...

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Unformatted text preview: ME 312 HOMEWORK SET # 2 Spring 2009 Due: Thursday 16 April EXAM I: 16 April Show a_ll work for full credit. #1. Air is compressed by an adiabatic compressor from 1 bar and 12 °C to a pressure of 8 bar at a steady rate of 0.2 kg/s. The isentropic efficiency of the compressor is 80%. Assuming constant specific heat, determine a) the exit temperature of the air, b) the required power input to the compressor, in kW. Show the process on a T—s diagram. #2. A gas-turbine power plant operates on an air-standard cycle between pressure limits of 1 and 6 bars. The compressor inlet air temperature is 22 °C and the temperature limitation on the turbine is 747 °C. The compressor and turbine isentropic efficiencies are 84 and 87 percent, respectively. If the mass flow rate of the cycle is 4.601 kg/s, a) Show the actual cycle on a T—s diagram. Label each state. b) Complete the following table: Description m“ h (We) --- Compressor inlet 2 3 c) Complete the following table and energy balance: —————— ———_—- —_———_ 4 _) 1 Heat Exchanger Totals: kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg d) Find the cycle efficiency, back-work ratio and the power in kW produced by the cycle. 6) Find the change in availability (exergy) Aw for each process and complete an availability accounting if T0 = 17 °C: Input: Work input at the compressor: kJ/kg Aw for the heat addition: kJ/kg Total: kJ/kg Output: Work output at the turbine: kJ/kg Aw for the heat rejection: kJ/kg Availability destruction (turbine & compressor): kJ/kg Total: kJ/kg What percent available energy is lost to the environment by heat transfer? What percent available energy is lost due to entropy generation? ...
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