SS11_1-3_concept_and_categorization

SS11_1-3_concept_and_categorization - Theme 1

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Click to edit Master subtitle style  5/17/11 Theme 1 Theme 1 focuses on these big picture ideas.•  Statistical learning   Conditioning   Concept formation and Categorization  Analogical Reasoning   Piaget's adaptation theory   Motivation
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 5/17/11 Review D B c
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 5/17/11 What are concepts? The basic units of thinking Specific objects or concepts?  My bike   An apple   Your aunt   Vehicles 
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 5/17/11 Type of concepts Simple concepts (ROL, p. 8) : example: red, shape  Complex concepts–  Conjunctive concepts –  Concepts defined by the simultaneous presence of two or  more common characteristics( concepts). Example: Apple Disjunctive concepts – concepts defined by the presence of  one of two common characteristics or both. example: The  person who doesn’t eat beef.  
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 5/17/11 Types of concepts Levels of inclusiveness  Superordinate concepts –  Basic (natural) concepts –  Subordinate concepts – Vechicles, Cars, Boats, Motorboats, Planes, Vans. 
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 5/17/11 Why is it important to know about concepts? Concept has been defined as "a perceived  regularity in events or objects, or records of  events or objects, designated by a label" (Novak  .
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 5/17/11 Why is it important to know about concepts? Concepts help to create systems of reasoning or  "set[s] of core principles that define the entities  covered by the domain and support reasoning  about those entities" (Carey & Spelke, 1994).
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 5/17/11 100,000 Pyramid Game Show http://youtube.com/watch?v=eEZkpwcETyA
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 5/17/11 TE 150 Pyramid Things that are red
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 5/17/11 TE 150 Pyramid Things that are red  Countries in North America
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SS11_1-3_concept_and_categorization - Theme 1

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