SS11_3-4_MoralReasoning

SS11_3-4_MoralReasoning - Theme 3 • Vygotsky’s...

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Unformatted text preview: 5/17/11 Theme 3 • Vygotsky’s socio-cultural learning theory • Observational learning • Erickson’s psychosocial theory • Kohlberg’s moral development theory 5/17/11 C o n te n t P la c e h o ld e r 3 Click to edit Master subtitle style 5/17/11 Moral development Social Interaction and Its Effects on Moral Reasoning 5/17/11 Morality in schools? • How do children develop morals and values? • Is moral development important in schools? • Should teachers have a responsibility to foster moral development? 5/17/11 Big ideas • Human beings develop in stages • Social interaction drives development 5/17/11 Dr. lawrence kohlberg • 1927-1987 • American Psychologist • Used Piaget’s work as a 5/17/11 About the heinz dilema “Kohlberg’s doctoral dissertation, published in 1958, made him psychology’s newest star. In the dissertation he uncovered six stages of moral development – in contrast with Piaget’s two stages – based upon interviews of 72 white boys in Chicago about the dilemma of Heinz.” “Instead of seeing morality as a concept that adults impose on children (the psychoanalytic explanation), or as something based solely on avoiding bad feelings like anxiety and guilt (the behaviorist explanation), Kohlberg believed that children generate their own moral judgments. 5/17/11 The Heinz Dilemma A woman was near death from a unique kind of cancer. There is a drug that might save her. The drug costs $20,000 per dosage. The sick woman’s husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money and tried every legal means, but he could only get together about $10,000. He begged the doctor who discovered the drug to give him a discount or arrange an alternative payment plan. But the doctor refused. 88 5/17/11 Groups of no more than 4! • Come to a consensus in your answers and examine your reasoning. • Make sure you know the reasoning behind each person’s choice and give a reason for your final agreed upon answer. 99 5/17/11 Moral Reasoning • Kohlberg used moral dilemmas. • Focus on reasoning rather than “right answer” • Because there might be many reasons for the 10 5/17/11 Kohlberg’s Levels of Moral Development Pre-Conventional Moral reasoning is controlled by external rewards and punishments Conventional Internal standards are imposed by others Post- Conventional Morality is internal, not based on external standards 1111 5/17/11 Six stages Level Stage Preconventional • Moral reasoning is controlled by external rewards &...
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This note was uploaded on 05/17/2011 for the course TE 150 taught by Professor Palmer during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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SS11_3-4_MoralReasoning - Theme 3 • Vygotsky’s...

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